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Minimum conditions

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Country:Great Britain
Salariesupdate 6/2009

National legal minimum wage (all sectors):
National Minimum Wage rates from 1 October 2008 are:
Workers aged 22 and over: 5.73 pounds per hour
Workers aged 18-21: 4.77 pounds per hour
Workers aged 16-17: 3.53 pounds per hour
The only time an employer can make a deduction from a wage which takes the pay below the minimum wage is if a workers live in accommodation provided by the employer. If this is the case the most your employer can take from the wages to pay for accommodation is £4.46 per day or 31.22 pounds per week (figures valid up to end September 2008).

Apprentices
Apprentices under age 19 will not qualify for the national minimum wage
Apprentices over age 19 and in the first 12 months of their apprenticeship will not qualify for the national minimum wage.

Construction Industry Joint Council "Working Rule Agreement for the Construction Industry" (= construction industry collective agreement, below called "CIJC agreement")Valid from 30 June 2008:

General Operative: 775 pence/hour and 302.25 pound/week
Skill Rate 4: 835 pence/hour and 325.65 pound/week
Skill Rate 3: 885 pence/hour and 345.15 pound/week
Skill Rate 2: 946 pence/hour and 368.94 pound/week
Skill Rate 1: 982 pence/hour and 382.98 pound/week
Craft Rate: 1030 pence/hour and 401.70 pound/week

Apprentice pay rates:

Year 1: 429 pence/hour and 167.31 pound/week
Year 2: 554 pence/hour and 216.06 pound/week
Year 3 without NVQ2: 648 pence/hour and 252.72 pound/week
Year 3 with NVQ2: 824 pence/hour and 321.36 pound/week
Year 3 with NVQ3: 1030 pence/hour and 401.70 pound/week
On completion of apprenticeship with NVQ2 1030 pence/hour and 401.70 pound/week

If an apprentice is in the second year of training and aged 22 or over then the national minimum wage must apply.
PremiumsCIJC Agreement
Overtime
Overtime will be calculated on a daily basis, but overtime premium rates will not be payable until the normal hours (39 hours) have been worked in the pay week unless the short time is authorised by the employer on compassionate or other grounds or is a certified absence due to sickness or injury.

Overtime shall be calculated as follows:
Monday to Friday: For the first four hours after completion of the normal working hours of the day time and a half; thereafter at the rate of double time until starting time the following day.

Saturday: Time and a half, until completion of the first four hours, and thereafter at double time.

Sunday: At the rate of double time, until starting time on Monday morning.

When an operative is called out after completing the normal working hours of the day or night, he shall be paid at overtime rates for the additional time worked as if he had worked continuously. Any intervening period shall count to determine the rate, but shall not be paid.

Overtime shall be calculated on the normal hourly rate. Additional payments for intermittent skill or responsibility or adverse conditions and bonus shall not be included when calculating overtime payments. In no case shall payments exceed double time.

Night work allowance
Where work is carried out at night by a separate gang of operatives from those working during daytime, operatives so working shall be paid at their normal rate plus an allowance of 25% of the normal hourly rate.

Overtime shall be calculated on the normal hourly rate provided that in no case shall the total rate exceed double the normal hourly rate. Overtime is calculated as follows:

Monday to Friday: after completion of the normal working hours at the rate of time and a half plus the night work allowance (i.e. time and a half plus 25% of normal hourly rate) for the next four working hours and thereafter at double time.

Weekends: All hours worked on Saturday or Sunday night at double time until the start of working hours on Monday.
DeductionsTaxes
Directly employed persons pay taxes under the so-called PAYE (Pay As You Earn) scheme. The thresholds are:
Earning below 37 400 pounds/year : 20%
Earning above 37 400 pounds/year : 40%

No tax needs to be paid for earnings below 125 pounds/week or 540 pounds/month.

National Insurance
Social insurance contributions are paid through the so-called National Insurance scheme, which covers different areas such as state pension, statutory unemployment benefits etc. It is deducted as one sum from the wage. Usually an employee pays 11% National Insurance contributions, directly deducted by the employer.

No National Insurance needs to be paid for earnings below 105 pounds/week or 453 pounds/month.
Hours of WorkCIJC agreement:
Monday to Thursday: 8 hours per day
Friday: 7 hours per day
Total: 39 hours per week, except for operatives working shifts whose working hours shall continue to be 8 hours per weekday, 40 hours per week.

Holidays
Since October 2007 the legal minimum is 24 days per year. These 24 days can include the 8 statutory holidays. From April 2009 the legal minimum has increased to 28 days, employers can again include the 8 holidays within these days.

CIJC agreement:
Operatives are entitled to twenty-one days annual holidays (the 8 statutory holidays must not be included in this).

Public holidays
8 days per year. They are: New Year`s day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Early May, Spring bank holiday, Summer bank holiday, Christmas Day, Boxing Day.
Illness and InjurySickness
Statutory sick pay:
Under existing legislation there is an entitlement to statutory sick pay (SSP).
The weekly rate of SSP is 79.15 pounds for employees with average weekly earnings of 95 pounds or more.
According to the CIJC after four weeks of employment the Operative shall be entitled to a total of four weeks Industry Sick Pay (ISP) in addition to SSP in respect of absence that starts after these four weeks.
After 15 continuous weeks of employment the Operative shall be entitled to a total of seven weeks ISP in addition to SSP.
After 26 continuous weeks of employment the Operative shall be entitled to a total of 10 weeks ISP in addition to SSP.

The Industry Sick Pay rate is 107.16 pounds (valid from 30 June 2008).
Other InfoThere is a helpline for questions and help on all National Minimum Wage NMW issues (including pay below NMW). Tel. 0845 6000 678. 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday. Calls are charged at local rate. The helpline can take calls in over 100 languages. Email contact address is nmw@hmrc.gov.uk.
ContactsUnion: UCATT: http://www.ucatt.info/content/blogcategory/25/37/


Please contact: Doerthe Weimann, UCATT Head Office, dweimann(at)ucatt.org.uk (replace (at) by @), Tel. +44 (0)20 7622 2442